#### Introduction

The Ideal Gas Law, $latex text{PV} = text{nRT} $, is a very simple yet useful relationship that describes the behaviours of many gases pretty well in many situations. It is “Ideal” because it makes some assumptions about gas particles that make the math and the physics easy to work with; in fact, the simplicity that arises from these assumptions allows the Ideal Gas Law to be easily derived from the kinetic theory of gases. However, there are situations in which those assumptions are not valid, and, hence, the Ideal Gas Law fails.

Boyle’s law is inherently a part of the Ideal Gas Law. It states that, at a given temperature, the pressure of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its volume. Equivalently, it states the product of the pressure and the volume of an ideal gas is a constant at a given…

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